Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT)


What Is an Ear, Nose and Throat Doctor?

An Ear, Nose and Throat Doctor, or ENT, is actually called an Otolaryngologist. Otolaryngologists are doctors who have completed a 5 year residency focusing on the treatment of anything in the head or neck, excluding the brain, spinal cord or eyes. It is the first specialty in the United States. They are trained in both the surgical and medical of patients with ailments affecting the ears, nose or throat. ENT’s will often work with audiologist and voice therapists. Many are also specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies.

What Does an ENT Do?

An ENT will treat any ailments that deal with the ears, nose or throat. This may include, but is not limited to:

  • Hearing loss
  • Ear wax removal
  • Chronic ear infections
  • Vertigo and other balance problems
  • Nasal conjestion
  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Allergy testing
  • Voice and swallowing problems
  • Thyroid and parathyroid problems
  • Head and neck cancers
  • Tonsillectomy
  • Ear tubes


When should I see an ENT?

You may need to see an ENT if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms:

  • Chronic sore throat
  • Chronic ear infections
  • Hoarseness lasting longer than 3 weeks
  • Chronic sinus infections or nasal congestion
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Thyroid nodule
  • Chronic allergy problems


Article contributor: Dr. Ryan K. Meacham