What is Neurology?

Neurology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system, which includes the brain, the spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Common neurological disorders include migraines (and other headache disorders), stroke, seizures/epilepsy, Parkinson’s and other movement disorders, peripheral nerve problems- such as carpel tunnel syndrome and polyneuropathy, multiple sclerosis, and many others.

When Should I See a Neurologist?

You should consider seeing a neurologist if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms:

  • Chronic, extreme headaches (usually accompanied with vomiting and light sensitivity)
  • Coordination difficulties
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Uncontrolled movements (such as tremors, or stiffness)
  • Chronic Pain
  • Sudden Vision Problems

If you have symptoms of concern, it is best to discuss these with your primary care physician who can determine if a referral to a neurologist is appropriate.

What Should I Expect When I Go to a Neurologist?

The key components of a neurological assessment include: a history, neurological examination, and special tests that may include an electroencephalogram (EEG) to evaluate brain activity; electromyography (EMG)/ nerve condition testing to examine the function of nerves; imaging studies such as an MRI and/or CT scan to look for abnormalities of structure- especially in the brain and spinal cord. Other tests may also be run if it is needful.


Article contributor- Dr. Robert A.E. Summerfield